Master of Science in Transportation and Engineering Management
Areas of Concentration: Transportation, Engineering Management, and Humanitarian Disaster Management
The California State University Maritime Academy is committed to the development of industry leadership through an outstanding graduate degree program that requires students to integrate critical thinking and best practices to enable them to face real-life challenges and contribute to the body of knowledge and practice in their industry.
Cal Maritime's Office of Graduate Studies, a division of the Department of Sponsored Projects and Extended Learning, offers a Master of Science degree in Transportation and Engineering Management, with areas of specialization in Transportation Management, Engineering Management, and Humanitarian Disaster Management.
The Office of Graduate Studies administers the policies and procedures established by the California State University Maritime Academy and the California State University. This catalog presents California State University and Cal Maritime policies and common practices related to graduate students and the Cal Maritime graduate degree program.
The California Maritime Academy is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) 985 Atlantic Avenue, Suite 100, Alameda, CA 94501, 510-748-9001, www.wascsenior.org.
Program Learning Outcomes
As stated in the program learning outcomes for the Masters Degree in Transportation and Engineering Management, students in this program will meet educational outcomes in three areas.
Be able to create and lead a project team or multiple project teams, develop project proposals (including budgets and timelines) and manage the entire project life cycle.
Have expertise in systems analysis and operations research to support project development and management.
Apply decision making, technical, and human resource principles to manage projects in a dynamic business and global economic context.
Understand their organization's role in a global context; including environmental issues, and political, social, and ethical norms.
Appreciate the security, economic, and legal dimensions that affect global supply chain management.
Have the ability to advance to higher levels of institutional responsibility with an increased understanding of organizational, financial, human resource and information systems management.
Recognize and appreciate one's own ability to lead, direct, and advance the goals and vision of the organization.
Graduate Program Admission Requirements, Fees and Policies
The requirements for admission to graduate studies at a California State University campus are in accordance with university regulations as well as Title 5, Chapter 1, Subchapter 3 of the California Code of Regulations.
Specifically, a student shall at the time of enrollment:
Have completed a four-year college course of study and hold an acceptable baccalaureate degree from an institution accredited by a regional accrediting association, or shall have completed equivalent academic preparation as determined by appropriate campus authorities;
Be in good academic standing at the last college or university attended;
Have attained a grade point average of at least 2.5 (A=4.0) in the last 60 semester (90 quarter) units attempted or have earned a grade point average of at least 2.5 on the last degree completed by the candidate; and
Satisfactorily meet the professional, personal, scholastic, and other standards for graduate study, as evidenced by:
Minimum of five (5) years of professional experience beyond the bachelor's degree, at least three (3) of which must be at the supervisory or managerial level. Full-time work experience with written evidence documenting the nature and duration of the work experience is required. OR
Adequate performance on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test or the Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT) may be substituted for professional experience requirements.
Evidence of English language proficiency may be required of English as secondary language students
In unusual circumstances, exceptions may be made to these criteria at the discretion of the Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs.
These and other CSU admissions requirements are subject to change as policies are revised and laws are amended. The CSU website www.calstate.edu is a good source of the most up-to-date information.
The following are required for a complete application:
$70 non-refundable application fee. Checks should be made payable to California State University, Maritime Academy. Cash and credit cards are also accepted.
One original copy each of all official transcripts. Applicants should have the equivalent of a four-year U.S. bachelor's degree, with a grade-point average of at least 2.5 (with A = 4.0) during the last two years (60 semester units or 90 quarter units) of coursework in the degree program. Copies of official transcripts should be sent to the address below from all colleges, universities, military training and vocational training attended other than Cal Maritime.
Evidence of Readiness for Graduate Studies. Submit one of the following:
Official test results on the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test. These tests are administered at test centers throughout the world. To register for the GRE visit: http://www.ets.org/gre. To register for the GMAT visit: http://www.mba.com.
Two letters of recommendation demonstrating a minimum of five (5) successful years of professional experience beyond the bachelor's degree, at least three (3) of which must be at the supervisory or managerial level. These letters should come from supervisors and business associates who can discuss knowledgeably your leadership, management, and academic abilities.
The completed application, the non-refundable $70 application fee and all supporting documents can be completed online or mailed to the address below.
The Office of Graduate Studies
The California State University Maritime Academy
200 Maritime Academy Drive
Vallejo, CA 94590
Fees and Payment Schedule
The total student cost for the program is $27,000.00 and includes all fees and books required for the five-semester program. This fixed price will be guaranteed provided the student stays on track and completes the degree within the expected time frame.
An initial $1,000.00 non-refundable security deposit will be required to secure a space once a student has been admitted. That amount will be subtracted from the total program cost, leaving a $26,000.00 balance. That remaining amount is divided into five equal payments of $5,200.00 each. Payments will be due before the beginning of each term. In the event that a student withdraws, semester fees are non-refundable once a student has logged into that semester's course or courses except in unusual circumstances which have been approved by the Associate Provost or when doing so conflicts with the required return of student financial aid funds fromm fedral, state, institutional, or other external sources.
Federal loans and other programs have been identified and set up for students to make application. Employers may also assist students with the cost of the program. Students should contact the Financial Aid department at www.csum.edu/web/financial-aid/graduate-students.html or their employers for more information.
Program Policies and Expectations
Satisfactory Academic Progress
Students admitted to graduate programs are expected to make systematic and successful progress towards the completion of their programs. The following policies are designed to assist the student in that endeavor.
Students must take the prescribed number and sequence of courses for their area of specialization. Students' work must give evidence of Graduate level writing proficiency.
A grade point average of 3.0 or better in all courses taken must be achieved and maintained to satisfy the requirements of the degree per CSU Masters Degree Requirements policy. This standard applies to all graduate students, including candidates in graduate-level certificate programs. A student is considered in probationary status and subject to dismissal if the cumulative scholarship in all work attempted in graduate status falls below a ‘B' (3.0), or if the student's work in any two consecutive terms falls below a ‘B' (3.0) average. Additionally, any grade below a C will not count towards meeting degree requirements.
The Associate Provost of Academic Affairs determines a student's eligibility to continue in the program if he or she has been placed on academic probation. If allowed to continue in probationary status, the student is required to make steady progress toward improvement in scholarship.
Student's work is graded using the A - F system. Grade point average computation is made using the following computation: A=4.0, B=3.0, C=2.0, D=1.0 and F=0.0. Course syllabi shall include a discussion of each individual instructor's grading policy and how it applies to his or her particular course. In cases where the letter grade is modified by a + or -, the resulting numeric grade will reflect the appropriate fractional adjustment in the GPA.
A graduate student will be placed on academic probation when the student's GPA falls below 3.0 in any given semester. Consistent with guidelines issued by the Chancellor of The California State University, a graduate student may also be placed on probation for repeated withdrawal from the program, failure to progress toward an educational objective, and noncompliance with the graduate department's program requirements.
A student placed on academic probation will be notified in writing via letter or e-mail and will be provided with the conditions to be met for removal from academic probation, as well as the circumstances which will lead to disqualification. Students shall be removed from academic probation once they have met the terms and conditions established in the notification of academic probation letter, and their cumulative graduate GPA is at least 3.0 or higher. Students not meeting those terms and conditions within the specified time frame will be disqualified from continuing in the program.
Academic Suspension and Removal From the Program
Students who are subject to academic probation and fail to meet the conditions established by their terms of probation in the notification of academic probation within the specified period of time will be subject to academic suspension and/or academic disqualification from the program. A student placed on academic suspension or removal from the program will be notified in writing via letter or e-mail and will be provided with the reasons which lead to his or her disqualification.
In order to be considered for reinstatement, a disqualified student must demonstrate academic ability by completing conditions determined by the Associate Provost of Academic Affairs. The student may then petition the Associate Provost for reinstatement. The student must submit the petition for reinstatement no later than three weeks before the beginning of the semester that the student intends to return. The Department of Graduate Studies will only consider the petition for reinstatement of students who have remained outside of the university for at least one regular (Fall, Spring or Summer) semester after their dismissal. Students who are disqualified, reinstated, and become disqualified a second time will not be granted a second reinstatement.
Leave of Absence
Students called to or engaged in public service for reasons beyond their control will not lose registration priority, academic credit, or degree status. Such activities may include military service, fire fighting, or public security. To accommodate such students, Cal Maritime will accept withdrawals at any point throughout the semester. Students may be granted an extended leave of absence for up to two years for engagement in public service beyond their control. If currently enrolled, they must complete a leave of absence form obtained from the Office of Graduate Studies. An approved leave will ensure that they retain their catalog rights and that they can register for subsequent terms without reapplying for admission.
The federal government determines possible student loan grace and deferment provisions based on the circumstances of involvement in a particular public service. Should the federal government modify its regulations governing various loan programs, Cal Maritime will adopt those modifications for its students.
Withdrawal of Registration During a Semester
In the event that a graduate student withdraws his or her registration during a semester, semester fees are non-refundable once the student has logged into their courses except in unusual circumstances which have been approved by the Associate Provost of Academic Affairs or when doing so conflicts with the required return of student financial aid funds from federal, state, institutional, or other external sources. A recipient of such returnable funds withdrawing from the graduate program during an academic term may be subject to University repayment provisions in the amount of the funds returned to the lender.
Non-refundable fees in any circumstances include but are not limited to the application fee and the initial enrollment deposit of $1,000.
ENROLLMENT IN THE CAPSTONE COURSE
In order to enroll in the graduate program's Capstone course, students must have completed all required courses in the program with passing grades and resolved any outstanding Incomplete grades. Students who are on academic probation or who have an unresolved Incomplete in any course may not pursue the Capstone course without prior written approval from the Associate Provost of Academic Affairs.
Procedure for an Unqualified Student to Petition for Permission to Enroll in the Capstone Course
Permission for an unqualified student to enroll in the Capstone course may be granted in the rare occasion that a student has only one outstanding course to retake or one outstanding Incomplete to resolve, and has demonstrated via an approved action plan the ability to successfully resolve those issues within a stated period of time not to exceed the period of time necessary for completion of the Capstone project. The student must pay full tuition for the semester(s) during which this resolution is addressed and will not be eligible to pay the lower Continuous Enrollment Fee.
Unless granted a formal leave of absence, graduate students are expected to register every term following their initial enrollment through its completion, including the term in which their degree or certificate is to be awarded. Students who have taken the Capstone course and whose project is either not filed or not approved by the end of the Capstone course semester are required to be continuously enrolled (including the Summer semester) until the project is completed and approved.
Qualifying for the Continuous Enrollment Fee
If a student has completed all requirements for a degree except the filing and/or approval of the Capstone project, the student may be eligible to pay a Continuous Enrollment Fee during the following semester(s) instead of registering at the full semester fee rate.
Four conditions must be satisfied for the student to be eligible for this fee:
All formal requirements for the degree except for filing and/or approval of the finished Capstone project must be completed before the first day of the semester for which the Continuous Enrollment Fee is being requested;
Since the last day of the previous qualifying semester and up to the first day of the semester for which the Continuous Enrollment Fee is being sought, the combined use of Cal Maritime faculty and staff time must not exceed 12 hours;
During the semester in which the Capstone course was taken and the project was begun, the Capstone committee suggested only stylistic and/or typographical changes in the Capstone project rather than a change of the project itself; and
The student must have been enrolled at the full semester fee during the qualifying semester.
Procedure for Student to Establish Eligibility to Pay the Continuous Enrollment Fee
The student must complete a Continuous Enrollment Fee application signed by all members of his or her Capstone Committee certifying that all the above requirements have been met. Forms for this purpose are available in the Office of Graduate Studies. The student should submit the completed form to the Office of Graduate Studies for approval by the Associate Provost of Academic Affairs. If the Associate Provost of Academic Affairs approves the Continuous Enrollment Fee application, the student will be billed for the amount of the Continuous Enrollment Fee rather than at the full semester rate. Otherwise, the full semester fee will be charged.
Important Notes Regarding Continuous Enrollment
Students paying the Continuous Enrollment Fee are not eligible for the privileges normally accorded regularly registered students other than the use of the library and e-mail resources, and the attention of the Capstone Committee members necessary for consultation and final approval of the Capstone project. If, after paying the Continuous Enrollment Fee in any one semester, a student should find it necessary to use the educational facilities of the University in any way other than usage of library or e-mail resources or requiring the attention of the Capstone Committee sufficient for a final reading of the Capstone project, then the student must resume registration at the full student enrollment fee rate. If this should occur during a semester in which the student has already paid the Continuous Enrollment Fee, the student will be billed for the balance of the usual semester fees.
A student may not use the Continuous Enrollment Fee for the purpose of taking course work of any kind.
The Continuous Enrollment Fee is not a substitute for enrollment for purposes of deferring student loans, nor does it guarantee eligibility for financial aid.
The Continuous Enrollment Fee will not be refunded if the Capstone project is not filed or passed.
Since Continuous Enrollment does not bear academic credit, it may not appear on a student's transcript.
Standard of Integrity and Civility
California Maritime Academy has and enforces regulations which forbid cheating, plagiarism, and other forms of inappropriate and unethical academic conduct. Students found guilty of these inappropriate actions will not be permitted to continue in the Graduate Program.
Conduct within the online environment as exemplified by postings in the course discussion forums and email communication is expected to exhibit a level of courtesy consistent with a professional interchange.
Eligibility for a Master's Degree
To be eligible for the Master's Degree, the candidate shall have completed the following minimum requirements:
The successful completion of the specified course of study approved by the Curriculum Committee at Cal Maritime consisting of thirty semester units of approved graduate work. An overall minimum grade point average of 3.0 (B) is required.
Satisfactory completion of a capstone project. No more than two semesters shall be allowed for the capstone project. In the rare instance where additional time is necessary to complete the project, approval must be given by the Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs.
In order to participate in the Spring commencement ceremony, students must have successfully completed all degree requirements and fulfilled all financial obligations to Cal Maritime. In limited situations, students whose Capstone project will be accepted and approved in the semester immediately following commencement may be eligible to participate in the commencement ceremony as a "Walk Only" candidate if they have received prior written approval to participate from the Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs. Under no circumstances will a student who has outstanding financial obligations to Cal Maritime be permitted to participate in commencement.
Procedure for an Unqualified Student to Participate in Commencement
Students who will complete their degree requirements by completing the Capstone project in the summer semester following commencement may be eligible to participate in the May commencement ceremony as a "Walk Only" candidate provided they file a Declaration of Intent to Graduate form showing project approval as achievable by the August immediately following commencement. The Declaration of Intent to Graduate form must be approved by the student's Capstone Committee and the Associate Provost of Academic Affairs.
Out-of-state online students' rights are also protected by the state of their residence. Should the student wish to file a complaint in their home state please select the state contact from the "Consumer Protection State Contacts" list at http://sheeo.org/sheeo_surveys/ to file a complaint directly in their state.
State Authorization of Distance Education Outside of California
Important information if you will not be residing in California during your enrollment in Cal Maritime's online Master's degree program.
Educational institutions are required to be legally authorized to provide online instruction in the state in which the student resides as well as within the institution's home state. The individual state authorizations are intended to ensure quality education, the integrity of the academic degree, and consumer protection for their citizens who are enrolled in distance education.
Cal Maritime has taken steps to protect its students by ensuring that its programs are in compliance with other states' requirements as evidenced by the authorizations that it has been granted. Cal Maritime is currently approved to offer distance education in the following states and U.S. Territories either independently or under the umbrella of the California State University system.
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Colombia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Utah, American Samoa
Cal Maritime is either in the process of applying for authorization or has not yet sought approval to offer distance education in the following states and U.S. Territories. If one of these is your place of residence and you intend to apply to the online Master's degree program, please notify the Office of Graduate Studies so that the authorization process in your home state can be expedited.
Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, West Virginia, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands,, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Puerto Rico, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Republic of Palau, U.S. Virgin Islands
GRADUATE PROGRAM GENERAL POLICIES
Where no separate policy for graduate students is stated, the equivalent policy for Cal Maritime undergraduate students prevails. A clear understanding of program requirements and procedures as outlined in the Cal Maritime Catalog and at www.catalog.csum.edu will guide the student and will help avoid final semester problems and graduation delays. It is ultimately the graduate student's responsibility to be aware of all academic requirements and administrative deadlines of the program.
Graduate Program Curriculum
Students enroll in one of three areas of specialization. The choices include Transportation, Engineering Management, or Humanitarian Disaster Management. Before taking courses in their area of specialization students will complete 5 courses in core management curriculum. They will then complete coursework in their area of specialization, which consists of 4 courses. The final course - the Capstone course will give students the opportunity to demonstrate their learning through an extensive project. Successful completion of the 10 courses is required to earn the degree.
The Graduate Program is offered in a fully (100%) online asynchronous format. It is expected that the online graduate student will fully participate in the various facets specific to a distance learning program, such as reading and working extensively on his or her own and using the Internet to communicate about his or her learning. Discussion forums, papers, presentations, and exams are used to evaluate student progress. Students will also be required to participate in web conferences, chat forums, and other group activities on the Internet. It is the student's responsibility to become able to use these tools effectively. The Graduate Program website features tutorials and written instruction in using the features of the internet course delivery used for this program. Students also have access to IT personnel for support and guidance.
Online instruction is available to the student 24/7 during the semester in which he or she is enrolled. Participation is measured through the completion of assignments, through postings in discussion forums, and as otherwise specified in individual course syllabi.
The program is laid out in a sequential manner, with each course building on the one before it. Students proceed through the courses as a cohort, and belong to the same group throughout the duration of the program. The cohort model has been proven to be particularly effective for learning in an online environment. For this reason, each cohort begins together with the Fall semester, and completes the five semesters together.
Students complete all the core courses except MSTEM 900 Capstone before beginning course work in their area of specialization.
TEM 500: Project Management Students understand and gain experience in using modern methods and practices for managing projects from small to extremely extensive. Students work individually and in teams to experience managing a project, analyze case studies on specific topics in the field, and practice problem solving using the important concepts, methods and software for scheduling and resource management. Topics include: Organizing and managing projects; selection of alternate projects using financial viability, suitability of the end product, time of delivery, and quality as criteria; defining scope; scheduling and resource management; budgeting and control; ending projects and learning from them for the future. Examples will be drawn from operations such as engineering and supply chains, including a maritime link.
TEM 510: International Transportation Economics
Students learn to apply microeconomic principles, especially in the field of freight transportation, with special attention to international transport and maritime related scenarios. Students use classical and behavioral microeconomic methods and practices to illuminate the management of enterprises and assets in transportation markets, as well as in their global settings and in the presence of external influences such as regulation and political and social concerns. Students work individually and in teams to analyze case studies on specific topics in the field, and practice issue diagnosis and explanation using the important concepts and methods covered. Topics include: Modern theories of transport supply and demand, the firm and costs, industrial organization in markets, externalities, regulation, and models of social welfare. Examples will be drawn primarily from freight transportation scenarios, including a maritime link.
TEM 520: Organizational Behavior and Management
This course explores transitions and trends in the environment of contemporary global business processes and activities. Its main focus is the human resources channel of the supply chain, including the primary functions of recruiting, training, and work force maintenance. Within this primary focus, control mechanisms (such as protection of the confidentiality of employee records), labor relations, leadership, organizing, and planning are addressed. Case examples in the maritime and logistics industry will frequently be referenced to enhance course objectives.
TEM 530: Financial Management A course of study focused on managing financial resources in today's economy. Topics covered include: The management and formation of capital; the finance function and its environment; techniques of financial analysis; planning and control; management of working capital; capital budgeting; cost of capital; money and capital market analysis; management of capital structure.
TEM 540: Information Systems Management The course provides a comprehensive study of the use of computers for management decision-making including an examination of traditional information systems and system development techniques focusing on the end user's perspective. The course uses applications software to develop knowledge of the computer environment. Students use databases to analyze information about the business environment from such sources as the Internet, the financial databases, and other research databases.
TEM 900: Capstone (To be taken upon the successful completion of all other courses) Students scope, develop, plan and execute an in-depth practical project to deliver value in transportation management, engineering management or humanitarian/disaster management, usually for an organization familiar to them. They work in consultation with the course instructor, and other faculty and representatives as appropriate in a committee selected by the student and instructor. Using knowledge acquired in the program, they devise and present workable solutions to resolve problems in their respective target enterprise.
Areas of Concentration
TEM 600: Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management Logistics is the science of movement of materials from raw material to the customer in the globalized economy; Supply Chain Management focuses on understanding techniques and strategic issues in the successful movement of products from their origins as raw materials to their final destinations as finished products, including the impact of culture, strategic planning, organization, and management control. Specific topics include customer service, e-commerce, facilities location, routing and pricing, storage, transportation, emerging technologies, and re-engineering the supply chain. Emphasis will be placed throughout on the maritime component, with frequent use of case studies.
TEM 610: International Transportation Law
Explores legal issues in transportation, logistics and supply chain management in a globalized economy. Topics include freight charges liability; loss, damage and delay claims, billing disputes, over-charge and undercharge claims; bills of lading; freight classification system; cargo insurance; applicable international legal treaties and conventions; and the current state of international transportation law.
TEM 620: International Trade and Finance This course focuses on trade and finance in a globalized economy. Trade topics include the current structure of the international trading system, global trade treaties and agreements, and the impact of e-commerce on traditional trade constructs. Financial topics include raising capital in the global economy, the management of investment and exchange risk, and global financial treaties and agreements.
TEM 630: Port and Terminal Management An advanced course dealing with modern port and terminal operations, including logistics processes such as on-dock rail, strategic and tactical planning, harbor drayage, terminal gate protocols, equipment and cargo management, and integration of marine port and terminal operations with other modes of transportation. The student will gain an introduction to several different types of marine terminals, including containerized liner facilities, dry bulk, and liquid bulk facilities, ro-ro terminals, and others.
TEM 700: Systems Engineering Management Introduces students to the principles and processes of systems engineering, from concept development through system integration, testing and life cycle support. The course explores a disciplined approach to identifying user needs, translating those needs into a complete system specification, and verifying that requirements are met. A team project related to deployment of a large-scale complex system is used to demonstrate the integrated nature of systems engineering.
TEM 705: Strategic Management Topics include the managing and resolution of complex problems in engineering management; the process of crafting strategy; evaluating a company's external environment, resources and competitive position; integration and outsourcing; diversification, acquisitions and new ventures; competing in foreign markets; strategy, ethics, and social responsibility; and effective strategy execution.
TEM 710: Technology Management Focuses on managing advanced technology in industry. Topics include: Human factors; quality control; reliability and maintainability; integrated logistic support; sales and marketing for engineers; legal issues and entrepreneurship; and managing risk.
TEM 720: Energy Resource Management Focuses on energy resource management issues including: Auditing and economic analysis; management control and maintenance systems; sustainability and high performance facilities; alternative energy systems; boilers and fired systems; cogeneration and HVAC systems; lighting and electrical management; natural gas purchasing; utility deregulation and energy systems outsourcing; energy security risk analysis methods; and financing energy management projects.
TEM 800: The Global Humanitarian System This course underpins the Humanitarian Logistics track through an introduction to the disaster response cycle and a high level discussion of the key stakeholders. It considers the role of the humanitarian logistician and discusses five of the most significant challenges facing those working in this field.
TEM 810: Rapid and Slow Onset Disaster Management This course considers in greater depth the humanitarian system as a whole and the resulting tensions. It compares and contrasts the actions and activities with those found in the commercial and military counterparts that will be found operating alongside the humanitarian logistic network, and focuses on the issue of the development and maintenance of inter-personal and inter-organizational trust as a critical success factor within the post-disaster response.
TEM 820: Humanitarian Project Management
On the basis that the whole area of the preparation and response to a natural disaster falls into the Rittel and Webber's categorization of a "wicked problem", based on academic approaches to the "taming" of such problems, this course will consider alternate ways of managing the humanitarian logistic challenge. These will be drawn from a number of fields including those of project management and procurement as well as the area of general management.
TEM 830: National and International Humanitarian Logistics It is recognized that there are significant differences in the philosophical approach, and consequential policies, processes and procedures adopted by different countries in their preparation and response to national and international disasters. The aim of this course is to consider the differences in such approaches, the implications for international cooperation and the extent to which best practice can be synthesized.
There are three semesters a year in the graduate degree program: Fall, Spring and Summer. Fall and Spring semesters conform with the undergraduate program's 16-week Fall and Spring semesters as designated on the campus academic calendar which is posted online at www.csum.edu/web/registrar/calendar.html. A 12-week Summer semester is scheduled during the months between the Fall and Spring semesters.