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 Integrated Safety Management (ISM)

Cal Maritime is committed to having all campus-related work performed safely and in a manner that strives for the highest degree of protection for the Campus Community. To achieve these goals, Cal Maritime implements, the principles of safety through an Integrated Campus Safety Management System (ICSMS).

Simply put, ICSMS applies a plan-do-check-act approach to campus safety management. Five core activities represent the plan-do-check-act approach, and comprise the underlying process for any construction work activity. The five core activities are:

  • Define the Scope of Work
  • Analyze the Hazards
  • Develop and Implement Hazard Controls
  • Perform Work Within Controls
  • Provide Feedback and Manage Change

The identification and analysis of workplace hazards is part of the pre-work planning process. The goal of this core activity is to ensure that the hazards associated with construction work activities are clearly understood and appropriately managed. All new campus work activities, changes to existing work or introduction of new equipment or processes (which introduce new hazards or increase the hazard level) need to be reviewed to analyze hazards, identify safety standards/requirements, and establish appropriate controls. Safety conditions and requirements need to be formally established and in place before construction work is initiated.

The campus Job Hazards Analysis (JHA) process is the principle method for achieving this.

Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment &Determining Control Table (HIRAC)

The EHS Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Determining Control Table (HIRAC) process is used to identify, assess and risk-rank Cal Maritime campus-related activities in order to ensure that Cal Maritime Campus Safety programs, activities and work controls are appropriately addressing construction risks. The initial HIRAC assessment and risk-ranking of campus-related activities was conducted during the third quarter, AY 2016-2017. The HIRAC assessment will be reviewed annually, when new campus-related activities are introduced that create or modify assessed risks, and when worksite observations or accident/incident experience identify previously unrecognized or incorrectly categorized risks.

 Application of Hierarchy of Controls

In developing hazard controls and preparing the Job Hazard Analysis submittal, the campus shall select means and methods to mitigate worker exposure to workplace hazards using the Hierarchy of Controls as specified in the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z10-2005 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems.

The campus shall make a good faith effort to analyze each hazard and identify the appropriate control(s) using the following hierarchy:

  • Elimination or substitution of the hazards where feasible and appropriate;
  • Use of engineering controls where feasible and appropriate;
  • Application of work practices and administrative controls that limit worker exposures; and
  • Provision and use of personal protective equipment

Job Hazards Analysis (JHA)

For the purposes of this section Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) and Job Safety Analysis (JSA) can be used synonymously.  A JHA/JSA can be incorporated into a Pre Task Plan, provided there is a section for employees to review, comment and sign. Core components of the scope of work and relative hazards can be electronically completed ahead of time, provided there is room for current site conditions are able to be readily added as applicable. When the scope or conditions change, the change in work plan should be noted in a different colored pen with employee's initially that they have been briefed on the change.

The Department of Safety and Risk Management will work with individual Departments to develop a master Campus JHA library.

  • Each employee scheduled to work in the activities identified below shall receive safety training in those activities prior to working on them.
  • Subcontractors shall submit a Job Hazards Analysis (JHA) for those construction activities meeting the requirements for performing JHA (see below). The JHA shall be reviewed and authorized to proceed by the Cal Maritime Department of Safety and Risk Management before work commences.
  • Subcontractor shall be responsible for submitting a JHA and work procedures to Cal Maritime Department of Safety and Risk Management for review a minimum of seven days prior to the start of work for most work activities.

JHA Requirements

A JHA shall be written based on the following conditions:

  • Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates
  • Jobs with the potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents
  • Jobs in which one simple human error could lead to a severe accident or injury
  • Jobs that are new to your operation or have undergone changes in processes and procedures
  • Jobs complex enough to require written instructions.

If not otherwise specified in a particular project specification, the JHA shall be performed in accordance with the OSHA 3071.

JHA processes. In general the JHA will include:

  • Description of work phase or activity
  • Identification of potential hazards associated with the activity
  • Address further hazards revealed by supplemental site information (e.g., site characterization data, as-built drawings) provided by the subcontractors construction manager.
  • A list of the Subcontractor's planned controls to mitigate the identified hazards
  • Identification of specialized training required
  • Identification of special permits required
  • Name of the Subcontractor's Competent Person(s) responsible for inspecting the activity and ensuring that all proposed safety measures are followed.





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